“Land of eagles” has survived a rich history, which has left a variety of valuable leads. From the period of polytheists, christianity, ottoman culture all the way to the Communist isolation under the leadership of Enver Hoxha. Country has become one of the most undiscovered tourist destinations in Europe. Famous tourist magazines are ranking regularly in the list as the most interesting tourist destinations to visit. The rich cultural and historical heritage, which is also under protection of UNESCO’s is stuck in his time and waiting for the enthusiastic visitors.
10 interesting facts about Albania
- Albania is also called the “Land of eagles”. Legend presents, that once a young man during the hunt over the hills notice eagle’s nest. Since there was a great danger that the snake eat the egg, the young man decide to kill the snake and save him. Great eagle notice this and for his gratitude he issued eagles secrets and skills. Therefore, eagle proclaimed the people as “sons of eagles”. In Albanian language Shqiponja means eagle, the country means SHQIPËRIA or Shqypnia / Shqipni, people call themselfs Shqipëtar.
- The Albanian flag was first used during the reign of Skandarbeg (1443-1468). It represents the national symbol of all Albanians, both those who live in Albania, as well as those abroad. It is used on festive occasions, public events, weddings and celebrations. Albanians worldwide are celebrating November 28 as Independence Day or Flag Day.
- The national hero Skenderberg was born in 1405 in the town of Debar. As a small child he was kidnapped, raised and educated by the Ottoman empire. In 1433 he escaped and began to lead the Albanian uprising against Ottoman. He led 30 battles, but lost only one. During 25 years he changed the country and was the main obstacle for the Ottoman attacks in Europe. Therefore, the Europe called him as an “Athlete of Christ”. After his death the country was for centuries under the Ottoman Empire.
- The Albanian language is one of the oldest languages in Europe. It belongs to the Indo-European language family.
- Due to fear and attacks by the enemy in the time of Communist rule there where built 750,000 bunkers around all country. An average 24 bunkers on every square kilometer.
- According to the Constitution there is no official religion and all religions are treated equally. Around 70% of Albanians declare like Islamic religion, while 20% of Catholics. Irrespective of religion, they all call them self Albanians.
- More Albanians lives outside than in their homeland. According to some statistics somewhere between 7 and 10 million (mainly in Europe).
- Albanians are very hospitable people. Their communication is often also verbal. The most significant are greeted with a hand hugs, tapping shoulders, etc.
- The Albanian coast is 450 km long and touches two seas: the Ionian in the south and Adriatic in the north. Albania is also under the protection of UNESCO World Heritage City: Butrint, Gjirokastra and Berat.
- All three lakes in Albania are bordering on neighboring countries. Skadar Lake is the largest lake on the Balkan Peninsula and borders with Montenegro. Lake Ohrid is the deepest lake in the Balkan and borders with Macedonia. Prespa Lake is the highest tectonic lake on the Balkan Peninsula and borders with Greece as well with Macedonia.